Posted by:Ranjani Rao December 1st, 2011

CIO and CTOs are consistently on the lookout for new technologies that will help reduce overheads and enhance productivity. The past year has seen massive steps taken in the fields of networking, cloud computing, analytics, and mobile device development. Here, we discuss some of the technologies enterprise heads need to keep an eye on to support their ideas of the future and the eventual growth of the enterprise.

InfoWorld recently published a report on the emerging technologies its evaluators believe will have most impact going forward. The selection is based on observations of adopted and upcoming streams – their appeal to enterprise customers, typical industry trends, and the all-important ‘opinion.’Here goes:

1. Private cloud orchestration

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Private cloud orchestration technologies such as OpenStack offer a combination of object storage, image services, and virtual machine management. Instead of allocating dedicated infrastructure to groups for projects, enterprises can leverage on the cost benefits from pooled resources and network convergence offered by public cloud providers, and apply them to their own data centers.

2. Software-defined networks

Software-defined Networking (SDN) allows programming of the network (by ISVs and cloud providers) – a challenge that has deterred the open arms acceptance of cloud computing. SDN forms a software layer over switch and router hardware, providing a platform for management, dynamism, and innovation. OpenFlow is an example.

3. Advanced synchronization

The notion of syncing documents, app states, files, music, videos, etc., across devices has caught on with Apple’s iCloud and the promises of Windows 8. Enterprises have to look at authentication solutions, identity management, security fabric, and a whole new set of apps that adjust with the device that pulls it.

4. Apache Hadoop

file-325162310 In the age of Big Data, Apache Hadoop is the hottest technology with clustered servers and petabytes of unstructured data crunching and flowing through enterprise servers every day. Hadoop solutions are the future of business intelligence.

5. Distributed storage tiering

The rise of high speed and cheap flash storage over DRAMs in server-side cache will bring a massive change in hardware technology and overall device cost. The performance of flash memory makes automated tiering with SANs most compelling for enterprises.

6. JavaScript replacements

There’s Dart from Google, a language to overcome JavaScript shortcomings. Work is on to build tools that support development in a less painful language and finally convert code toJavaScript before execution.

7. Trust on a chip

Hardware chips with built-in security to protect boot sequences and hardware components such as memory have been adopted by Apple and Microsoft, and will soon pervade other operating systems too. Combined software and hardware security solutions are the way ahead.

8. Continuous build tools

While tools such as Jenkins and Hudson are painful for some coders owing to the continuous barrage of tests on code, they are huge time savers in collaborative projects. Open source solutions are even more popular because of their customizability and they can be plugged into various code repositories too. Cloud based integration tools make collaboration even easier and more efficient.

9. Client-side hypervisors

Desktop virtualization is not new but type 1 client hypervisors offer performance, security and freedom. They use the processing power of the client rather than loading the server, and allow you to carry around a business VM that includes the OS, apps, and personal configuration settings. As the VM runs separately, it is safe from malware threats on the client.

10. HTML5

HTML5 is often underestimated as just another version of HTML. However, tasks possible via HTML5 are beyond basic HTML which is why HTML5 is looked upon as deliverance from native apps and manufacturer payouts. Adobe’s recent decision to stop development of mobile Flash opens up a whole new arena for HTML5 web apps with gaming features, video, animation, and graphics.

The list of emerging technologies is not constant across reviewers. It can’t be so either because of the pace at which technologies grow and ebb. Yet, it can be said that at least 80% of the technologies discussed here are assuredly those that will have a huge impact on enterprises in the year ahead.

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